Human Anatomy – Prostate

human-anatomy-prostateLocated between the penis and the bladder, just in front of the rectum, the prostate gland is one of the most important parts of the male reproductive system. It produces part of the fluid that nourishes sperm cells before they exit the body as semen.

Before ejaculation, sperm travels from the testes to the vas deferens, along the way gaining sperm-nourishing fluid from the seminal vesicles. After getting some more fluid from the prostate, the semen rushes through the urethra – which runs through the prostate – and comes out of the penis.

Urine is excreted through body also through the urethra.

Prostate diseases and conditions

Besides skin cancer, prostate cancer holds the distinction for being most prevalent type of cancer among males. It is not as aggressive as other cancers though, in that only one out of 35 people succumb to it. Treatment consisting of surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and/or hormone therapy can combat this cancer.

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Nearly every man aged 50 and above is known to undergo an enlargement of his prostate. Prostate enlargement – known in medical parlance as benign prostatic hypertrophy – can cause troubles in urination.

Meanwhile, a bacterial infection can set off prostatitis or inflammation of the prostate. When caused by bacteria, this condition requires antibiotic treatment.

Treating prostate conditions

Prostate cancer is notorious for spreading sluggishly. In this view, doctors are not unknown to temporarily halt treatment to check if prostate cancer cells are multiplying, an approach termed “watchful waiting.”

If the cancer is very aggressive, the doctor may ultimately recommend prostatectomy. This entails the removal of the gland, in hopes of stopping the cancer from spreading to nearby organs. Prostatectomy may be paired with chemotherapy.

Doctors are known to employ radiation against cancer of the prostate. In one novel procedure, doctors implant radioactive seeds in the prostate to obliterate cancerous cells. Otherwise, they may use the more traditional radioactive cancer therapy, where they use radiation from outside the body to kill the cells.

Lately, doctors are using subzero temperatures to kill prostate cancer cells, a treatment known as cryotherapy. They are also taking advantage of hormone therapy to counter the spread of the cancer.

Prescription drugs are often used to treat enlarged prostates, although surgery is necessary in some cases. Examples of these medicines include 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, which decrease DHT associated with prostate enlargement, and alpha-blockers, which loosen up the urethra muscles. Both these healthy lifestyle medicines can correct urine flow problems arising from enlarged prostates.

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Tests for prostate conditions

A blood test can easily detect prostate cancer. Apparently, the prostate manufactures a protein called prostate-specific antigen (PSA), levels of which can easily be estimated by a blood test. A high PSA either means a potential prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate.

To be more accurate, the doctor may insert an ultrasound probe into the rectum to see magnified images of the prostate. Ultrasound is almost always conducted with a biopsy, wherein a needle takes a tissue sample from the prostate.

In fact, the doctor may choose to do away with needles and probes and feel the prostate. In a test called digital rectal examination, the doctor inserts a finger – usually gloved and lubricated – into the rectum to touch the prostate. This way, the doctor can determine cancer lumps and symptoms of swelling in the gland.


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1 Response

  1. healy says:

    Thanks for this kind of info. Well here’s I some tips I would love to share avoid prostate affections:

    a.Eat more beans, walnuts, tofu and aliments that are rich in vitamin C and E, zinc and beta-carotene.
    b.Eat pumpkin seeds
    c.Tomatoes are also prostate protectors
    d.Try the small palm tree extract
    e.stop smoking and the last one is MAkeLOve lol

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