Seizure occurs when abnormal electric impulses of the nerve cells are sent from the brain’s system to the body as signals causing involuntary body movements. Decreased blood flow to the brain can also cause seizure.
Exceptional taste, smell or sensation called aura is experienced before seizure happens.
A person will be in a postictal state after seizure. Effects are usually confusion, headache, exhaustion, and muscle pain.
Seizures are often related to the disorder epilepsy or it may be a cause of an underlying medical problem such as decreased levels of blood sugar, infection, head injury, and drug addiction.
Seizures have intervals of 30 seconds to two minutes. Emergency assistance is highly recommended for seizures that lasts for five minutes or if a person undergo several seizures without waking up.
Signs and symptoms of seizure include involuntary muscle movements, numbness, unusual sensations, short memory loss, fear, and flashes in vision.
Types Of Seizures
Seizures are categorized into two types – partial and generalized.
- Simple partial seizure – Strange sensations is felt but the person is aware.
- Complex partial seizure – The person experiences loss of consciousness.
- Absence seizure – This is also known as petit mal seizures. The person may only experience loss of consciousness for a short time along with muscle twitching.
- Focal motor seizure – Muscles in the face and limbs are recurrently twitching.
- Tonic seizure – The limbs usually become stiff.
- Clonic seizure – The body will experience jerking movements.
- Tonic-clonic seizure – This is a combination of the clonic and tonic seizures causing body stiffness, loss of consciousness, and jerking movements.
Seizure can be diagnosed by taking laboratory tests such as Electroencephalogram, CT scan, MRI scan, blood testing, lumbar puncture, and toxicology screening.
What Trigger Seizures?
Known cause of seizure is abnormal impulses in the brain that resulted from infection, head trauma, abusive use of drugs, or brain tumor.
Treatment for seizures should be done according to its severity.
Prescription drugs like antiepileptic and anticonvulsants are mostly given to patients undergoing complex partial seizures. These drugs may reduce epileptic attacks but has side effects such as hair loss, confusion, behavioral changes, dizziness, loss of appetite, and depression.
A more wholesome remedy is herbal medicines and homeopathic methods. Risk of side effects is 100% free. These alternatives are efficient in controlling seizure symptoms and can even encourage people a healthy lifestyle.
First Aid for Seizure Attacks
Encountering people who are in seizure attacks should be carefully supervised.
- Turn the person to its left side.
- Hide sharp objects around the person’s surrounding. Don’t put an object on the person’s mouth to prevent added injury.
- Stop resisting the person.
- Position the person’s head if he/she turns blue to clear airways that allow breathing.
- Don’t prevent the person to sleep after seizure.
- Call medical assistance instantly if seizure doesn’t stop. Provide detailed information about the seizure attacks to the medical professional.