Different Kinds Of Antibiotics

Different Kinds Of AntibioticsAn antibiotic is a substance that is used to treat various infections and illnesses. It is a chemical that comes generally from molds that is designed to kill microorganisms that causes diseases.

One of the first medical breakthroughs in antibiotics is the penicillin discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1926. The discovery was further stabilized by Edward Chain together with Howard Florey who successfully used penicillin to treat people with diseases that are believed to be incurable at that time. And because of the invention of penicillin, Nobel Prize for medicine was awarded to Fleming, Chain and Florey.

Types of Antibiotics

It is important to know the different kinds of antibiotics that treat specific kinds of infections. This way, one can be sure that the antibiotic he or she uses is the right cure for the infections incurred.

To get a better view of the different kinds of antibiotics, a list of the commonly used ones is given below together with a brief description.

Penicillin

This antibiotic is derived from Penicillin molds. It can also be created synthetically and is used in treating infections related to the heart and the gums. One of the most popular penicillin used by many people is amoxicillin. Amoxicillin is taken orally and it utilizes treatment of pneumonia, aural infections, and bronchitis, as well as UTI, nasal and dermal infections among others.

Cephalosporin

This antibiotic shares a lot of characteristics with penicillin. Only that cephalosporin is derived from fungi and its antibacterial activity is greater than that of penicillin.

Quinolones

This kind of antibiotic is generally stronger than the others. Ciprofloxacin and levoflaxacin, types of quinolones, are used mainly in treating UTIs, STDs, and other bacterial infections like bacterial prostatitis and bacterial diarrhea.

Tetracycline

This type of antibiotic is used to cure a broad variety of diseases. It comes from microorganisms belonging in the Streptomyces genus. It serves as an alternative medicine for those people who develop allergies in penicillin. Some of the common diseases that tetracycline attends to are typhus and tick fever, amoebic infections, UTI, as well as pneumonia. A variant of tetracycline, minocycline, is designed to treat acne and STDs (sexually transmitted diseases). Tetracycline was further modified to doxycycline to treat anthrax.

Sulfonamides

This antibiotic is made synthetically. It is made from various organic compounds that have the antibacterial capability of restraining the growth of bacteria that causes infections.

Macrolide

Popularly known through Erythromycin and Azithromycin, this antibiotic is typically used to cure infections in the throat and the respiratory system, as well as syphilis and mycoplasmal infections.

The types of antibiotics mentioned above are just some among the many variations of antibiotics which serves specific tasks in curing the body. All other kinds of antibiotics and their variants could be further read in medical journals and researches.

Indeed, the discovery of antibiotics is one of the most important medical breakthroughs in history. This also could be the reason why they are popularly regarded as ‘wonder drugs’. However, one must be cautious of the possible down sides of antibiotics which includes various side effects on the body. Of course, it is always recommended to seek advice from physicians because they know best in this field.

The creation of natural herbal antibiotics is also being developed today with the help of modern technology. However, the use of them is still not so popular because the efficacy of the herbal antibiotics is still undetermined precisely.

Just a bit of advice: Do not take antibiotics for granted. Although most of them can be purchased easily through the internet or different drug stores around the world, it is still wise to make sure you are taking the right medicine. Otherwise, rather than leading a healthy life, it might be ineffective and bring you certain health risks such as tolerance and resistance to antibiotics. So, always consider the antibiotics that you will take, this will help you greatly in maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

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1 Response

  1. smilinggreenmom says:

    I would never take antibiotics for granted, as they can and have saved lives!! I read that antibiotics attack the good and bad bacteria and that we should all replenish the good by taking probiotics before, after and during a course of antibiotics. Our family takes Vidazorb and we really love it for all the benefits probiotics have been shown to give our bodies, including boosting our immunities! Thanks for the info 🙂

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