Learning About Asperger Syndrome
Asperger Syndrome, which is also known as Asperger Disorder, is a type of persuasive development disorder. These are disorders that involve delays in the development of many basic skills, and most notably of all the ability to socialize with others or to communicate and use the imagination. It is very similar to autism, and more specifically, it is characterized by poor interactions, obsessions, odd speech patterns, and various other peculiar mannerisms as well. Asperger Syndrome is very rare, but because of the detrimental symptoms of the conditions, it is obviously a very serious one.
There are a few other symptoms that are associated with the condition as well, including motor delays, clumsiness, limited interests, and peculiar preoccupations.
Asperger Syndrome has only recently been recognized as being a unique disorder, and for this reason, the exact number of people suffering from this disorder is unknown. Estimates suggest that the disorder affects from 0.024% to 0.36% of children in the world, and it is known to be more common in males than in females.
What Causes Asperger Syndrome
Of course one of the most important aspects of any disease or disorder is the cause. For Asperger Syndrome, as with many other disorders, the cause is not yet known. However, the fact that it tends to run in families suggests that the disorder is genetic. A lot of investigation is presently going into this syndrome to try and understand it more and learn about what it is that causes the problem. Contrary to the incorrect assumptions that many people make about people with this disorder, it is not caused by emotional deprivation or the way that a person has been brought up. There are understandable reasons as to why one may believe this to be true, but it is not.
This syndrome is one that can be very difficult to diagnose. According to experts, regardless of your age, early intervention is very important here. The first step in the treatment of this disorder is the actual diagnosis. After all you need to be sure that it is actually Asperger Syndrome that you are dealing with, so that the right method of treatment can be implemented. If certain symptoms are present, then the doctor will perform a few routine tests to determine whether it is actually Asperger Syndrome or not. Although there are no tests specifically used for diagnosing Asperger Syndrome, the doctor may use tests such as x-rays and blood tests to determine if there is a physical disorder causing the symptoms.
If there is no other physical disorder found, then the person may be referred to a specialist in childhood development disorders. This includes a psychiatrist, psychologist, pediatric neurologist, developmental pediatrician, or other health professional. The doctor bases his or her diagnosis on the child’s behavior, including for instance his or her play and ability to socialize and interact with one another.
Treatment For Asperger Syndrome
Next is the process of treatment. There is currently no cure for Asperger Syndrome but there are a few treatment methods that are commonly used and which have shown to be quite effective. Treatments may include a combination of the following:
- Special education – This is education that is specifically structured to meet the person’s unique educational needs, and to help them learn the information and behavioral skills that they need to without making them feel indifferent
- Behavior modification – This is more of a therapy than anything, one that includes strategies for supporting positive behavior and decreasing problem behavior by the person
- Speech or occupational therapy – These types of therapies are designed to increase the person’s functional abilities
- Medication – If the conditions are especially serious or persisting problems relating to the condition then medication may be used to help out.
Particular emphasis is placed on social development when it comes to treatment, as the point is to get the person out and into the real world and get them interacting with others as much as possible. The worst thing that a sufferer of this condition could do is hide and run away from their fears, especially in terms of social gatherings and interactions. Rather, they must face their fears and learn to be social and friendly, as this will be the only way to actually find any relief from their symptoms.
There is no way to prevent development of this disorder, but you should have a good knowledge of your family’s health, so that you will know if the condition runs in your family and therefore whether or not you need to be more cautious about it.