Candida or Yeast Infections
Candidias is a single cell fungus that is always present in the human genital and intestinal tracts. It usually causes no harm, but when antibiotics, immune suppressants or birth control pills are used, it can then grow and cause infection (people with impaired immune function are very susceptible).
When candidias overgrows, it usually affects the mouth (white patches), ears, nose, toenails, fingernails, athletes foot, gastrointestinal tract and vagina.
In the most of the severe cases, candidias can travel through the blood stream and affect all organs. As the fungus grows, it releases toxins that further weaken the immune system and make the infected person really ill. Usually, the symptoms mimic other illnesses so Candida Adlican infections can sometimes be hard to diagnose.
To make things worse, the candidias can also cause food allergies that before the infection were consumed with no problems. Anything that kills the beneficial bacteria such as antibiotics or changes the body pH and a diet high in sugar, encourages the candidia fungus to flourish. Hormone changes during a woman’s monthly cycle can also cause chronic infections.
The candidas feeds on sugar therefore it is important to follow a strict healthy diet.
When To Seek Medical Care
- For healthy adults, consult the doctor if the situation worsens even after medication. All people with weakened immune systems should contact their doctors with any new symptoms or infections.
- If vaginal discharge lasts for more than 1 week.
- If yeast infections recur. Candidiasis that comes back may be a symptom of a hidden disease such as diabetes, leukemia or AIDS.
- When symptoms such as bloody discharge, abdominal pain, fever and increased urination can indicate more serious problems.
- Fever, chills, nausea, vomiting or rash spreading to other parts of your body.
- If rashes like diaper rash or other candidal infections worsens at any time, or do not clear in 1 – 2 weeks, call your doctor.
When To Go To The Hospital
Most cases of candidiasis do not have to be treated in the hospital. People with weakened immune systems may have more serious infections, however, and may need to be hospitalized.
- Go to the hospital when fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, or abdominal pain accompanies vaginal discharge. These symptoms can indicate a more serious problem such as kidney infections, appendicitis or pelvic inflammatory disease. These potential conditions need to be investigated immediately.
- Candidal skin infections rarely require hospital treatment
- If thrush interferes with drinking liquids or eating for long periods of time, people may need to be hospitalized for more aggressive medications and re-establishing body fluids.
Exams and Tests for Yeast Infections
For healthy people, most physicians can diagnose a candidal infection without going through tests and exams. However if the infection won’t go away or involves the entire body, tests need to be performed.
- Complete a full gynecological exam,which involves a speculum exam, using a specialized instrument to hold open the vagina. It may cause slight discomfort. The the doctor will take a swab of the discharge and obtain other cultures to rule out other diseases.
- Run a quick exam in the mouth or of the skin, usually confirms the diagnosis of candidiasis. If there is a confusion about the diagnosis, the doctor may collect a small scraping of the area, which will be placed on a slide with potassium hydroxide and examined for a branching pattern consistent with yeast.
Candida Risk Factors
- Being pregnant.
- Having uncontrolled diabetes
- Using oral contraceptives or antibiotics.
- Using douches, perfumed feminine sprays, topical antibiotics and steroid medicines.
Itching, burning and irritation of the vagina, pain during sex and in urination are common. A whitish-gray discharge if there is any, can vary from thick to watery.
Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment For Yeast Infections
Avoid clothes that hold in heat or moisture such as panty hose, nylon underwear or tight jeans. Screening is definitively by examining vaginal secretions under a microscope for evidence of yeast in a lab.
Many different types of anti-fungal medicines are prescribed to treat Candidiasis, including Amphotericin B, fluconazole, nystatin and ketoconazole. Like many other prescription drugs, these often come with unwanted side effects.
At the same time, there are a number of herbal remedies with known anti-fungal properties which have demonstrated a positive effect on intestinal health and functioning.